Nearly 300 Harappan sites (cf. Indus valley Civilization) have been found in the Hakra valley, mostly by M. R. Mughal, which account for 20% of all Harappan sites now. Cholistan has changed amazingly over the history. The desert was under perennial regular irrigated cultivation till 1200 BCE and under seasonal regular irrigated cultivation till about 600 BCE. The area turned into arid and desolate desert with drying up of River Hakra. These days again, the desert is undergoing a process of profound change because of canal system originating from the River Sutlaj. But one can still find people living in houses made of mud and straw almost as they might have been living 200 years ago.
Day-01/02: Lahore: Arrive at Lahore airport transfer to hotel, afternoon sightseeing of Historical city Lahore) City of Gardens and Historical Monuments, it is the second largest historical city of Pakistan with population of more than 6,563,000 people, Being the cultural, historical and artistic centre of Pakistan, this beautiful city features marvelous sights for the visitors who love sightseeing.
Lahore: is the city of saints and is studded with shrines. It stands on the bank of the Ravi River at an elevation of 902 feet above sea level, and covers an area of 115 square miles. Lahore merely means Loh-Awar, a fort as strong as iron. The Lahore Fort has 13 gates. Lahore rose to its importance during Ghazanavid period. It was developed and enlarged under Ayaz, the favorite of Mahmud. Ayaz was for several years the Governor of Lahore and lies buried there.
Day-03: Lahore- Multan: Fly to Multan, afternoon city tour of Multan.
Multan is one of the oldest cities in South Asia; the exact age has yet to be determined. Its modern name comes from its old Sanskrit name Mulasthan. It has seen a lot of warfare because of its location on a major invasion route between South Asia and Central Asia. It is famous for its Sufi shrines.
It is believed to have been visited by Alexander the Great, it is said that when Alexander was fighting for the city, a poisoned arrow struck him, making him ill and eventually leading to his death. The exact place where Alexander was hit by the arrow can be seen in the old city premises. Multan was part of the Mauryan and the Gupta empires that ruled much of northern India. In the mid-5th century, the city was attacked by a group of nomads led by Toraman.
Day-04: Multan- Cholistan: Drive to Bahawalpur and later proceed to Derawar Fort in Cholistan Desert.
Day-05: Cholistan: Camel rides to Kota Wala Toba, overnight in tent
Day-06: Cholistan: Camel rides to nearby villages an unforgettable day on camel backs, overnight in tent
Day-07: Cholistan: Camel to Derawar Fort, later continue by Jeeps to Chanan Pir, overnight in tent
Day-08: Uch Shareef: Drive to Uch Shareef the mystic center of Punjab visit the spectacular tombs of Jewendi Bibi & Hazrat Jalaluddin Surkh,
Uch Sharief Mystic place adventurers: The Alexandria of the Alexander the great and our Holy “UCH” (High) place is a wonder on the land of Pakistan. There are very few places in the world where one feels so close to the reality of Sufism “the oneness”. Uch has that very feeling in it. It is a busy little town of Sufis & saints. There are numerous mausoleums of those Holy men/women who taught people the lessons of Unity & oneness. History : As most of our ancient towns on the banks of the river Indus UCH is also an ancient settlement which has lived since the Aryans (1700 BC) The only recorded history found is from the Alexander the great`s period (326 – 325 BC) when it was called Alexandria by Alexander. After that there is no record until Mohammed bin Qasim (711- 726 AD) reached Uch and made it an Islamic city. After Islam Uch became the centre of Islamic education and cradle of Sufism. Two major schools of Sufism emerged here (Qadri & Suharwardi) During the Moghuls & the local rulers gave a great importance to the Sufis, laying at rest on the land of Uch and some magnificent Mausoleums Madrsahs were built. The Uch architecture is a distinct school of architecture and is one of the most impressive in the subcontinent. Main material of the buildings was baked bricks, glazed tiles and sun dried bricks. Though many of the buildings have fallen apart but one can still see the beauty in the design. What to see: Tomb of Jewindi Bibi a marvel of architecture built in the 15th century has lost its dome and half circle but the glazed tile work and the giant walls are worth a visit. In the same compound there are many sacred tombs of other Sufis. Tomb of Jalaluddin Surkh Bukhari RAH is another piece of art and is a must visit.
Day-09: Multan: Drive to Multan afternoon city tour, overnight at hotel
Multan is known as the City of Sufis or City of Saints and Madinat-ul-Auliya because of the large number of shrines and Sufi saints from the city. The city is blanketed with bazaars, mosques, shrines, and ornate tombs. It is the birthplace of Fariduddin Ganjshakar (popularly known as “Baba Farid”), recognized as the first major poet of the Punjabi language.
Multan is located in a bend created by five rivers of central Pakistan. The Sutlej River separates it from Bahawalpur and the Chenab River from Muzaffar Garh. The city has grown to become an influential political and economical center for the country, with a dry port and excellent transport links. Multan is famous for its crops: wheat, cotton, sugar cane, mangoes, citrus, guavas, and pomegranates.
Day-10: Fly back: Transfer to airport for international flight