Broad Peak (originally named K3) is the 12th highest mountain on Earth, located on the border of China-Pakistan. Broad Peak is part of the Gasherbrum massif and is about 8 kilometers (5 miles) from K2. Broad Peak was originally named K3 right after the naming of K2 but on closer inspection by a later party, it was discovered that the summit was over 1½ kilometers (1 mile) long, thus “Broad Peak”. Broad Peak is known locally as Faichan Kangri. The literal translation of “Broad Peak” to Phalchan Kangri is not accepted among the Baltis.
The first ascent of Broad Peak was made on June 9, 1957, by Fritz Wintersteller, Marcus Schmuck, Kurt Diemberger, and Hermann Buhl of an Austrian expedition led by Marcus Schmuck. A first attempt by the team was made on May 29 where Fritz Wintersteller and Kurt Diemberger reached the forepeak (8,030m). This was also accomplished without the aid of supplemental oxygen or high altitude porters and without base camp support.