Batura Werthum Pass Trek

The trek start from China camp and end in Ramanj village after crossing Werthum Pass 5147m. It takes 45 minutes from the high camp to Top. The pass has 20-to-25-degree slopes on both sides and a permanent 3m to 4m vertical cornice on its north side. Use a rope belay while breaking through the cornice and cutting steps in the ice to reach the talus below the pass. The pass is more difficult before mid-July when there are more snow and a larger cornice.

Batura, the most accessible and fourth longest Karakoram glacier, stretches west from the Karakorum highway for 56km. the trek’s exceptional scenery includes 14 peaks higher than 7000m and huge ice floes plummeting more than 4000m from the Batura Wall to the glacier. Most of the trek is through ablation valleys and along streams. With almost no steep segments, it affords gradual acclimatization and presents no major difficulties. Even the trek’s two glacier crossings are relatively easy. Trekkers also get a glimpse in the unique way of life of Passu villagers, who tend livestock in the summer pastures along the glacier’s north margin.

Overview Batura Werthum Pass Trek

Day-01 Welcome at Islamabad airport and transfer to hotel  

Day-02 Drive to Chilas via Babusar Pass 4137m 12-14hrs

Day-03 Drive to Karimabad 6-7hrs. 220 km, overnight at hotel    

Day-04  Trek to Yunzben (2880m) 6-7 hrs, overnight in tents

Day-05 Trek to Yashpirt 6-7 hrs, 3302m overnight in tents  

Day-06 Trek to Shireen Maidan 6-7 hrs, 3888m, overnight in tents.

Day-07 Trek to Werthum base camp 3-4 hrs, 4363m overnight in tents.

Day-08  Trek to Werthum High camp 3-4 hrs, 4975m, overnight in tents

Day-09 Trek to Harkeesh after crossing Werthum Pass 5147m) Overnight in tents.

Day-10 Trek down to Raminj 3-4 hrs, 394m descent, 3095m, overnight in tents

Day-11 Drive to Passu by Jeeps and continue drive to Karimabad. Overnight at hotel

Day-12 Morning visit Baltit Fort and Altit Fort afternoon visit Duiker valley. Overnight at hotel

Day-13 Drive to Naran via Babusar Pass 4173. Overnight at hotel

Day-14 Drive to Islamabad 6-7hrs, en route visit Taxila museum and historical sites.

Day-15 Transfer to Islamabad airport for international flight

Map and Itinerary for Batura Werthum Pass Trek

Day-01: Islamabad
Welcome at Islamabad airport, and transfer to hotel, after refreshment proceed for city tour of Islamabad and Rawalpindi, which includes famous Faisal Mosque, Shakar Parian, Pakistan monument, Damen Koh, Lok Versa, Museum, Rawalpindi old bazaar, Raja Bazaar.

Day-02: Islamabad- Chilas
Drive to Naran 6/7 hrs (239.2 km) via Mansehra- Naran-Jalkhad. After Lunch continue drive to Chilas   3-4 hrs (113.3 km) via Babusar Pass 4173m), overnight at hotel
Babusar Pass is a high mountain pass at an elevation of 4.173 m (13,691 ft) above the sea level. The pass is the highest point in the Kaghan Valley, Pakistan. The pass connects the Kaghan Valley via the Thak Nala with Chilas on the Karakoram Highway. It’s one of the famous hair pinned roads in the world.

Day-03: Chilas- Karimabad- Passu 
Drive to Karimabad (Hunza) 6-7hrs 240km, after lunch continue drive to Passu 1hr. Overnight at hotel

Day-04  Passu- Yunzben
Trek to Yunzben (2880m): 11.5km, 6-7 hrs, overnight in tents
It takes about 6 to 7 hours walking on dusty trails at the snout of the huge Batura Glacier. The Batura is even longer than the famous Baltoro Glacier in the K2 region.

Day-05: Yunzben– Yashpirt
Trek to Yashpirt 6-7 hrs, 5.7km, 3302m overnight in tents
Today we diagonally cross the Batura Glacier. This is a tiresome day with lot of walking on rocks and the moraines of Batura. Yashpirt is a beautiful high meadow with many shepherd huts and fantastic views of the Batura peaks and the famous Batura ice fall across the glacier from us. We can also see DistaghilSar (7,885 m.) from here. DistaghilSar is the highest most western mountain in Trans-Himalayan and one has to go around the globe to come back to the eastern Himalaya to find such high peaks. Today’s walk takes about 6 to 8 hours.

Day-06 Yashpirt- Shireen Maidan
Trek to Shireen Maidan 6-7 hrs, 16.9km, 586m ascent, 3888m, overnight in tents.
Descend west past large junipers to the alluvial plain in the ablation valley. Follow the easy trail north-west, through a lovely series of small ablation valleys, amid abundant junipers, willows and birches. An hour from Yashpirt, pass an old distinctive millstone, which was used until the late 1970s when barley was cultivated at Yashpirt and the primary summer pasture was Fatima,il Sheet. Occasional willows line the trail along a meandering stream. In 15 minutes, reach Piyakh Sheet (3345m) where a strange stand of turugokh, a kind of poplar, grows. The terrain opens onto a broad alluvial fan called Fatimhail Sheet (3402m. a side stream, Fatimahil stream, flows across the fan as the trail continues north-west end, nestled against an Eolian fluted cliff, 30 minutes from Piyakh Sheet. Continue up the ablation valley, passing through a wooden doorway, and reach the confluence of the good-sized Werthum Nala and the Batura Glacier 30 minutes from the Fatima,il  huts. Werthum Nala, the stream draining the Werthum valley, parallels the Batura Glacier for 7.5km before disappearing dramatically under the Batura glacier here. Ford the stream just above the confluence and continue along its true right (south) bank one hour to Kukhil (spring side sheep pen) where a wooden footbridge leads to the hillside huts and livestock pens. From Kukhil, go along the true right (south) bank 1 ½ to two hours to another large alluvial fan called Shilmin (3627m)

From Shilmin the trail up the Werthum valley leaves the Batura Glaciers’ north margin bending 90 degrees and follows the Werthum Nala, s true right  (west)  bank north-east. Massive scree slopes on both the valley’s east and west walls guard its entrance. Stay close to the hillside (on both the valley’s east and west walls guard its entrance. Stay close to the hillside. Shireen Maidan (3888m) is a preferable campsite to Shilmin, well worth the additional 1 ½ hours walk. The peaks above the glacier offer climbing possibilities.

Day-07 Shireen Maidan –Werthum BC
Trek to Werthum base camp 3-4 hrs, 3.8km, 475m ascent, 4363m overnight in tents.

Recross the river to the Werthum Nala, s true right (west) bank and immediately ascend the steep scree slope on a yak trail to the grassy slopes above. Traversing high above the river gorge, the trail a crosses three small ravines, the last two of which offer clear water. Before the second stream, 1 ½ hours from Shireen Maidan, a difficult section of trail rounds a yellowish rock face called Dzug Band (literally, difficult yak trail in Wakhi) a few minutes farther ahead, a house-sized overhanging boulder offer shelter and marks the beginning of the huge area known as Werthum, which extends all the way to the valley’s head. Fifteen minutes past the third stream the going gets a little easier, and cauliflower like edible plant and purple flower, whose dried petals can be used to make a tea that assists with acclimatization, pop up between the shale, ephedra, and patches of grass.  A lone stone circle, which is used as porters, shelter, marks Werthum Base camp (4363m in the middle of an exposed, broad grassy plateau above the confluence of the two unnamed streams that join to from Werthum Nala. The stream from the north-west issues from the glacier lying at the base of Werthum Peak, whose summit dominates the valley head. The other is the outwash stream from the sizable unnamed glacier that descends from several 5000m peaks east of Werthum base camp.

Day-08 Werthum BC-Werthum HC
Trek to Werthum High camp 3-4 hrs, 3.4km, 612m ascent, 4975m, overnight in tents

Follow a faint yak trail for 1 ½ hour, staying very high above the true left bank of the Werthum Nala,s north-west branch. The route traverses north-north-east over stable slate and talus heading towards the rounded peak (5426m on the Swiss map) whose dry slopes are capped by snow. Werthum Pass lies on the ridge that runs south-east between this peak and peak 5315m. The route to the pass is via the side valley immediately in front of peak 5426m. The reliable clear water flows in the second side stream before the highest grassy patch where yaks sometimes graze. Cross a dry gully 30 minutes beyond the grass, then head north another 30 minutes beyond the grass, then head north another 30 minutes up a relentlessly steep rock- and scree-covered hillside. The angle steepens to 25 degrees towards the ridge top. Traverse scree 45 minutes to one hour to Werthum high camp 4975m on a level rocky terrace high above the true left bank of the stream descending from the pass.

Day-09  HC – Harkeesh 3489-M
Trek to Harkeesh after crossing Werthum Pass 5147m) 6-7 hrs, 6.1, km, 172m ascent, 1658m descent. Overnight in tents.

Continue up the snow and scree slope to reach Werthum Pass 5147m, 45 minutes from the high camp. The pass has 20-to-25 degree slopes on both sides and a permanent 3m to 4m vertical cornice on its north side. Use a rope belay while breaking through the cornice and cutting steps in the ice to reach the talus below the pass. The pass is more difficult before mid-July when there are more snow and a larger cornice.

Descend the talus and scree slope, and then cross a tiny bergschrund onto a small unnamed glacier. Cross the glacier in 15 minutes to moraine and a stream. Cross to its true left bank, and follow the stream down 30 minutes to a level area (4694m). Eventually, you reach the highest pastures along the stream true right bank and pick up a faint, but obvious, livestock trail. The going becomes easier, and in 15 minutes the trail descends to cross a convenient boulder to the stream true left bank. Pungent juniper dot the slope. From a ridge five minutes beyond the natural bridge, Harkeesh (place of cultivation in Burushaski) a level grassy area, is viable below. Descend the steep slope on a poor trail past junipers wild roses and abundant birches 30 minutes to a log footbridge. Pause to marvel at the colorful sculpted rock cleft from which the stream emerges. Follow the path along a canal 15 minutes to Harkeesh (3489m). Water from the canal flows to Harkeesh in the afternoon.

Day-10 Harkeesh-Raminj  
Trek down to Raminj 3-4 hrs, 394m descent, 3095m, overnight in tents

Trek through beautiful ancient Juniper forest, cross the footbridge over a muddy stream. Harkieesh is the valley only Burushaski place name. Named by Burusho from Raminji who tried to farm here. From Harkeesh descend steeply 10 minutes and cross a side stream via a footbridge. Birches, roses, tamarisks, and junipers flourish in this area. Five minutes further cross a sturdy footbridge to the Lupgar River true left bank. The trail from here to Raminj is considerably better, although it’s still exposed in place. For the next 1 ¼ to 1 ½ hour to the Raminji canals head works, the trail traverses high above the river gorge occasionally dropping closer to the river. Midway passes a footbridge to the lupgar river true right bank above the confluence of the Lupgar and Dior rivers leading to the Dior Hut. Follow the path along the willow-lined canal one hour to Raminj, passing several gushing springs en route. The canal begun during the reign of Mir Muhammad Jamal Khan and completed in 1978, is a marvel of construction, several tunnels, built through the cliff, carry the canal under scree slopes that the trail crosses. Raminj (3095m) which lies above the confluence of the Lupgar and Chapursan rivers, it a beautiful well-tended east and south facing village.

Day-11 Raminj-Karimabad 
Drive to Passu by Jeeps and continue drive to Karimabad. Overnight at hotel

Day-12 Karimabad- Duiker: Morning visit Baltit Fort and Altit Fort afternoon visit Duiker valley. Overnight at hotel

Day-13 Kariambad- Naran: Drive to Naran via Babusar Pass 4173. Overnight at hotel

Day-14 Naran- Islamabad: Drive to Islamabad 6-7hrs, en route visit Taxila museum and historical sites.

Day-15 Fly Back: Transfer to Islamabad airport for international flight 

Service details for Batura Werthum Pass Trek

What's Included

  1. Accommodation and Meals
    Accommodation will be provided based on following hotels sharing twin/double occupancy.
    Islamabad– Hill View hotel or similar category – Bed & Breakfast only.
    Chilas– Midway Shangri-La or similar category – Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner.
    Hunza– Hunza Embassy/Hill Top hotel – Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner
    Naran– PTDC Motel or Guesthouse Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner
    Note:
    Alternate accommodation will be provided if rooms in
    above-mentioned hotels are not available. Check in before 12:00 pm is subject to previous night charges
  2. Transportation
    Air-condition transportation for sightseeing
    Air-condition transportation for airport pick and drop

    Air-condition transportation from Islamabad to Hunza- back to Islamabad 
  3. Porterage (Low Altitude Porters)
    Required porters during trekking 
    Free baggage allowance for members personal gear is 15KG
  4. Taxes and Fees
    Road taxes.
    Camping fees 
    Bridge crossing fee
  5. Camping Food & Equipment & Accessories
    Camp food during camping & trekking
    Mattresses.

    D3V sleeping tent.
    Toilet Tent.
    Shower Tent.
    Mess Tent- Table- Chairs.
  6. Kitchen Equipment
    All necessary kitchen utensils.
    Kitchen tent.
    Lamps for light.
    Cooking Stoves
  7. Staff
    Professional English Speaking Guide
    Professional Cook
    Assistant Guide as per group size
    Cook helper 

What's not Included

  • International air ticket & airport taxes.
  • Visa fee for Pakistan & personal insurance of the clients.
  • Tips for drivers, porters and staff
  • Single Supplement
  • Hotel meals in Islamabad (lunch & dinner)
  • Helicopter charges in case of use for rescue
  • Transfers to and from airports for participants making individual air arrangements
  • Optional excursions or deviations from the scheduled tour
  • Sleeping bag and all personal expenses such as telephone, fax, email charges, liquor or soft drinks,
  • Room service, gratuities for personal services, items of a purely
  • Any other service that is not mentioned in the list above.

Joining Arrangements & Transfers

  • All clients arriving on Day 1 will be met at Islamabad Airport by our representative who will arrange the transfer to the group hotel. Similarly, transfers will be provided back to Islamabad Airport on the final day of the itinerary. Full joining instructions together with hotel contact details and an emergency number will be provided with your booking confirmation.

Meal Plan

  • While in Islamabad accommodation is on Bed and breakfast basis and our guide will guide you to different restaurants nearby for lunch and dinner, while at the camps you will get breakfast with porridge and cereal, toast or chapattis/parathas, omelettes and a range of hot drinks. Normally a hot lunch is served during the trek, In the afternoon you will be given tea and biscuits and a three-course meal will follow with soup, a main meal, and dessert. We bring along fresh vegetables and meat for the main meals. We can cater for those with special dietary requirements, so long as we are informed of these at the time of booking.

Accomodation

  • The accommodation arrangement in Islamabad is of standard hotels. Rooms at our provided hotels will be on twin sharing basis. At the time of camping, the participants will be sharing a tent fit for two persons. If any participant is coming alone on this trek he/she will be accommodated with one of the other member for tent and room sharing. For strangers and solo trekkers, first preference will be given to same gender stays. Nevertheless, a participant can opt for separate tent of hotel rooms as he/she likes, however additional cost will be incurred for making separate arrangement. Any participants seeking separate accommodation must inform our office in advance.

Dates Availability Status
15-JUN-2019 - 29-JUN-2019 AVAILABLE
10-JUL-2019 - 24-JUL-2019 AVAILABLE
20-AUG-2019 - 03-SEP-2019 AVAILABLE

The best time for Batura Werthum Pass Trek is from June - September. The start and end dates in the table above are your dates of arrival and departure from Pakistan. We have at least one guaranteed departure every year. Our dates for the trek to Batura Werthum Pass Trek are given above. We can organize solo trek if your dates do not match our dates of fixed departures.

How the trip will operate?

Upon arrival in Islamabad, one of our representatives will pick you up from the airport and transfer to hotel. Next day we drive over Babusar Pass (4,173m) to Chilas. After overnight we drive to Karimabad Hunza and Passu on 3rd day. Passu is the beginning of the trek and each night we camp out as we travel up the valley with our porters providing entertainment and color to the otherwise stark and barren countryside. Our cooks provide wholesome and high-quality food during the trek. The guide and porters will coordinate all the movements of equipment and people up and down the mountain and are there to assist and facilitate you. At the end of the trip the group retraces its steps to Islamabad.

What is a typical day on trek?

The day starts with an early morning mug of tea brought to your tent by one of the cook’s helpers. Before heading over to the mess tent for breakfast it is best to pack your overnight gear into your duffel bag. During breakfast the tents will be packed away and, after the porters have arranged their loads, they will set off on the trail in the cool of the morning. After breakfast, probably between 7 am and 8 am, we start walking. The pace of the trek is leisurely with plenty of time to enjoy the scenery, take photos and explore the local villages. Lunch will be around 11 am at a spot by the side of the trail and is prepared for us by the cooks. There is more walking after lunch and normally you will get into camp by mid-afternoon with the tents already put up by the local staff. In the evening a three-course meal is served in the mess tent around 7 pm. After evening meal the guide will discuss the plan for the next day with the group. People might stay in the mess tent chatting about the day’s events for a while before retiring to their tent for the night.

What you Carry?

In your daypack, you will need to carry extra warm clothing (depending on the altitude, location, and weather), a rain jacket, water bottle, film and camera gear, valuables and personal items such as sunscreen, lip-Eze etc. Porters carry all group gear and your trek pack. A daypack of approx. 45litres is ideal for this trek.

What is participation statement and acknowledgment?

Participants should be aware trekking, mountaineering and travelling in a developing country are activities that involve a risk of personal injury or death. As a condition of booking, you must accept these risks and be responsible for your own actions and involvement.

Adventure travel requires an open and flexible attitude. You may Experience extreme conditions, unpredictable weather and last minute changes to the itinerary beyond our control. Lack of acclimatization to high altitudes could also be a risk factor. Our itineraries allow optimum time for acclimatizing although it is possible that some individuals might be slow acclimatizers.

The majority of our trips visit remote areas where you are away from normal emergency services and medical facilities. In case of a serious injury requiring hospitalization, it has to be accepted by you, evacuation could take up to several days and may impede your ensuing recovery. Helicopters are the most usual means of evacuation, however they are not always available or they may be hindered by poor weather and flying conditions.   

What will be the camp food?

While in Islamabad accommodation is on Bed and breakfast basis and our guide will guide you to different restaurants nearby for lunch and dinner, while at the camps you will get breakfast with porridge and cereal, toast or chapattis/parathas, omelettes and a range of hot drinks. Normally a hot lunch is prepared by the trek, In the afternoon you will be given tea and biscuits and a three-course meal will follow with soup, a main meal, and dessert. We bring along fresh vegetables and meat for the main meals. We can cater for those with special dietary requirements, so long as we are informed of these at the time of booking.

 

How about hygiene & sanitation?

All our cooks and support staff are thoroughly trained in kitchen and table hygiene & observe strict hygienic code. You may give your personal water bottles to our kitchen staff every night & they’ll fill them up with boiling water, which will not only warm you up in your sleeping bags for a sound sleep but also provide you with safe boiled drinking water for the following day’s walk.

 

Guidance on tipping?

It is usual to tip the members of your trek crew, including your local guide, if you are happy with the services provided. We estimate that $100 – $150 (in local currency equivalent) will cover this aspect of your trip expenditure.

Towards the end of the trek, the trip leader will help the group to determine an appropriate level of tipping for each crew member, and this is most usually done as a group ‘thank-you’ with a ceremony on the final day of trekking.

 

What will be the weather?

The traditional trekking season in Pakistan is from June to September. The Batura Werthum Pass trek will have a wide range of temperatures depending on the altitude and the time of day. In the mountains between 1,000m and 3,500m, the nights will be cool normally around 5°C. During the day temperatures can be very hot even as high as 40°C in the lower elevations. Bring lots of water, sunhat and sunscreen! At higher altitudes temperatures range from about 20°C to -10°C. The mornings are generally clear with clouds building up during the afternoon and often disappearing at night to reveal beautiful starry nights. Rawalpindi will be hot and humid at this time of year; temperatures typically range from 30°C to 46°C with high humidity, whereas the temperatures in Hunza at 2,500m will be cooler. 

Vaccinations and medical?

You should obtain professional advice from a travel clinic or your local GP from your home country about which vaccinations to have before you arrive in Pakistan. A dental check-up is a good idea as there will be no dental facilities while on the trek.

 

 

What will be the weather?

How to avoid altitude sickness?

The below notes on altitude sickness is to point out what it is and to note the symptoms. Problems with altitude sickness can usually be avoided if care is taken to prepare properly. Ensure good physical fitness, chose a trip suitable to your level, staged ascents to allow time for acclimatization, drink plenty of liquid and avoid alcohol, be aware of the symptoms of altitude sickness and do not ignore symptoms of altitude sickness if they occur. Normal physiologic changes occur in every person who goes to altitude: hyperventilation (breathing faster, deeper, or both), shortness of breath during exertion, changed breathing pattern at night, awakening frequently at night and increased urination.

By slowly gaining height we reap the benefits of a gradual gain in fitness and acclimatization. We offer advice based on our experience and with the sensible approach we take on all of our treks, anyone who is well prepared, fit and healthy should have few problems, as we are very careful to allow time to acclimatize to the altitude. Even with these precautions, it is still possible for altitude sickness to occur. It is difficult to predict who is likely to suffer from altitude sickness. Sex is not a determinant, nor is age. Your physical condition is important to good altitude adjustment, but sometimes people who are fit ascend too rapidly for their systems to adjust.

Altitude acclimatization

Please also note that individuals vary widely in both their physical response to high altitude and the ability to acclimatize and since physical fitness does not confer any protection or facilitate acclimatization, it is impossible to predict how you will adapt to the altitude. The greatest protection is avoiding rapid ascents and allowing time for acclimatization. Your body can adapt to altitude if given time. We feel this itinerary specifically provides that option, but you must individually pace yourself to go slowly and drink plenty of water to avoid dehydration. Do not push too hard regardless of how physically fit you may be or feel.

Early symptoms of high altitude sickness include a headache, nausea, loss of appetite, sleeplessness, vomiting, dry cough, irregular breathing, shortness of breath, fatigue, swelling of ankles and eyelids. It is not uncommon to experience some of these symptoms when you first arrive at high altitude and then to have them decrease in severity within a few days. It is important that you inform your Trip Leader immediately of any symptoms or discomfort, however minor so that they can help you monitor the situation. Please be aware that remaining at high altitude in spite of alarm signals from your body may result in serious illness or even death.

Medical conditions that are aggravated or complicated by high altitude include heart diseases, lung diseases, pregnancy, anemia, and sickle cell disease. It is imperative that anyone with any of these conditions consult their physician in detail before attempting this trekking expedition.

Personal Medical Kit

It is very important to have your own personal medical kit and it is wise to bring all the essentials with you from the home country. As time is limited and it will save you having to go searching for medical supplies in an unfamiliar city. Most medicines are available from chemists in main cities. The following suggestions are based on our experience of travelling, trekking and on the most common medical problems encountered. It is important to check with your doctor in case of allergies to any medications.

We suggest that you bring the following:

Plasters: Elastoplasts or adhesive tape.

Antiseptic cream: Germalene, Savlon etc

Crepe or Elasticated Bandage: For knee and ankle support, if you strain in these joints.

Blister dressings: Moleskin, compead, spenco dressings etc. Stop at the first sign of a blister forming and use a plaster or moleskin.

Cold and Flu Medication: Beechams powders, Lemsip, nasal decongestant, and throat lozenges. On treks that stay above 3000 meters for any length of time or on treks with dry conditions, it is quite common due to breathing dry, cold air through the mouth to get a sore throat or a cough (it may become productive due to irritation not necessarily infection).

Treatment For Diarrhoea: Oral rehydration salts, which contain a variety of salts (electrolytes) and sugar. The combination of electrolytes and sugar stimulates water and electrolyte absorption from the gut. It, therefore, prevents or reverses dehydration and replaces lost salts in conditions such as diarrhea and vomiting. Preparations such as Imodium or Lomotil are anti-motility drugs, which do not treat diarrhea but slows the gut. They should only be used when the condition is causing dehydration, much distress or is impossible to deal with on transport. The aim in using them is to take just enough to control the complaint (see section on diarrhea).

General Painkillers: Aspirin, paracetamol and/or ibuprofen etc

Insect repellent and after bite cream:

Small Pair of Scissors

Any Special Medicines: Those you take regularly or will require on your trip.

Optional – Treatment for Giardia: A common infection caused by a protozoan in the upper bowel. It develops one to three weeks after exposure and can result in a sudden acute illness or a more long-lasting condition. The symptoms are usually explosive and gassy diarrhea along with burping and wind that tastes and smells like rotten eggs. There may be abdominal pain after eating. Treatment is a course of Metronidazole; this is a prescription drug. Under the advice given by your GP, you may consider carrying a course of wide spectrum antibiotic in your personal medical kit.

Optional – A Broad-Spectrum Antibiotic: These are prescription drugs and should be used in consultation with a GP. A broad-spectrum antibiotic e.g. Ciprofloxacin may be useful if traveling to remote areas or for long periods. A broad-spectrum antibiotic can be used to treat bacterial infectious diarrhea, dysentery, respiratory, skin and urinary infections. However, antibiotics used without proper medical advise can cause or predispose other medical complications and bacterial resistance e.g. Clostridium or MRSA. Under the advice given by your GP, you may consider carrying a course of broad-spectrum antibiotic in your personal medical kit.

Optional – Use of Acetazolamide (Diamox): For those trekking above 3000 meters, Diamox has been described as an aid to acclimatization and the prevention of altitude sickness

Equipment & Accessories

Rucksack or Day Sack: This is what you carry containing any items you will need during the day, e.g. camera, water bottle, jumper, waterproofs, personal first aid kit (or part of it), toilet paper & lighter etc. A rucksack of around 35 to 40 litres capacity should be large enough, lined with one large plastic bag to

ensure contents remain dry. Padded hip belts are recommended for trekkers.

Sleeping Bag & Liner: A good quality 4-season down or synthetic bag and cotton, thermal or silk liner. Suggested manufacturers RAB, Mountain Equipment, North Face, Ajungilak, Vango.

Scarf/Bandana: Silk, cotton or nylon for keeping the sun off the back of your neck or dust out of your mouth.

Water Bottle: 1x 1 Litre (Platypus, Sigg or Nalgene bottles are recommended). Sigg bottles also makes great hot water bottle!

Water Purification: Biox Aqua Tablets are the safest and most effective form of emergency water disinfection in outdoor environments. Biox Aqua Tablets are more effective than either chlorine or iodine tablets (working against both cryptosporidium and giardia), and leaves no bad tastes or colours behind. Biox Aqua does not react with contaminants in the water to form hazardous byproducts. Each application will take between 10-30 mins to take effect, dependant on the condition of the water source. Puritabs are not advised as they have no effect on the amoebas and will not protect you from hepatitis.

Sun Screen: High protection factor 20-30 or higher

Lip Screen: High protection factor 20-30 or higher

Toilet Items: Soap, travel towel, flannel (or J-cloth), toothbrush, toothpaste, shampoo, comb, sanitary protection, toilet paper is provided but bring a roll for personal use and at airports!

Sewing Kit: Needle, cotton and a few safety pins for emergency repairs.

Small Knife: Swiss army style – has many uses (do not carry this in hand luggage when taking international or internal flights it will be confiscated).

Notebook/Diary/Pens

Small Padlocks: Essential for locking your kit bag and bags left at the hotel.

Passport & Spare Passport Photographs: (3-4 plus any required for permits)

A Copy of Your Insurance Certificate: This is very important and useful.

Money Belt: To carry valuables (passport, money, air ticket) this should be worn at all times when travelling.

High Energy Trek Snacks: Sweets, chocolate bars, dried fruit, glucose sweets, Kendal mint cake. These can make all the difference in unfamiliar surroundings.

Personal Medical Kit: (see list above).

Compression Bags, Stuff Sacs, Pillow Cases or Small Plastic Bags: To separate the gear in your kit bag and kept dry.

Cigarette Lighter/Matches: For burning toilet paper and rubbish.

Wet Wipes: One pack very useful for wiping hands, face and other parts of body.

Antibacterial Hand Cleansing Gel: Small bottle.

General Equipment List

This is a suggested kit list of some items needed when trekking. It is best to pack several thinner layers rather than one thick layer. There is a weight limit on trek (13-20kg depending on the package). It is best not to pack more items than what you actually need on any holiday.

Clothing

Lightweight Thermal Underwear: Tops (2), bottoms or long johns (1). Made from polypropylene, Coolmax, Capilene etc, as cotton does not provide adequate warmth.

Underwear

T-Shirts or Polo Shirts: (3) Capilene, DryFlo or Coolmax are preferred for their quick drying/high wicking ability.

Long Sleeved Shirt or Blouse: (1-2)

Trekking Trousers (2) e.g. polycotton trousers or zip off trousers.

Lightweight Wool or Fleece Jumper: (1)

Fleece or Pile Jacket: (1)

Duvet Jacket: Medium weight down or synthetic, it needs to fit overall insulation layers.

Waterproof Jacket: Good storm proof mountain jacket with attached hood.

Waterproof Trousers: Good storm proof trousers with side zips to the knee.

Travel Clothes: Lightweight cotton, preferably only for travelling in, e.g. separate to trekking gear.

Mitts & Gloves

Synthetic Gloves: 1 pair lightweight fleece/wool/pile.

Mitts: To fit over gloves

Footwear

Boots: It is most important that you have well-fitting, comfortable boots, lightweight boots (Gore-Tex or leather). Boots are to be preferred rather than training shoes for the actual trekking, giving your ankles and feet much better support on the rough and stony ground and providing better grip. Boots protect the feet from bruising or damage caused by protruding stones or boulders. Boots should be sturdy enough to take flexible crampons.

Training Shoes/Sandals: For travelling in and around the cities, hotels and at camp. Also for wearing when crossing streams to protect feet.

Socks: 2-3 pairs of thin liner socks (polypropylene or Coolmax) to be worn next to the skin.

Harness: You need it while crossing Gondogoro La

Gaiters: Useful if we encounter snow.

Crampons: You only need it for Gondogoro Crossing. It is important to have the correct crampons for your boots.

Headgear

Sun Hat: Baseball cap or wide-brimmed sun hat.

Wool or Fleece Hat

Head Torch: e.g. Petzl Tikka, Zipka or Black Diamond Moonlight and spare batteries.

Sunglasses: Essential to get a pair, which cuts out 100% UV rays. It is a good idea to also have a spare pair of good sunglasses. Glacier glasse

General Considerations When Packing

  • Keep the weight and bulk down to a minimum.
  • Baggage allowance on most international flights is around 23kg. Most people tend to bring more clothes than they actually need.
  • You only need one change of clothes for time spent in towns/cities.
  • On treks, your kit bag weight should be kept to below 15kg.
  • For all trips but especially trekking it is important to dress in layers. When it is hot you will only be wearing light trousers and a T-shirt, when it gets colder you can add to this until you are wearing most of your clothes!
  • Fragile and valuable items should be carried in your hand baggage.
  • Most people take their daysack or rucksack on the plane as hand luggage but many airlines only allow one item of hand baggage, which should not be more than the airlines specified size.
  • Camera gear should be carried as hand luggage in a padded or protective bag, discreet bags are ideal as they do not advertise the expensive contents and attract unwanted attention.
  • On internal flights, there is an allowed baggage allowance of 15kg per person. When flying internally we suggest trekkers wear all your heavy clothes and boots to keep your baggage to a minimum.
  • Any excess baggage charges will have to be borne by you.
  • Pack all batteries, knives, sharp object and lighters into your main luggage to avoid confiscation by security personnel.
  • Take a small sealable clear plastic bag if you wish to take liquid items such as toothpaste onboard the aircraft.
  • Do not leave bags unattended at airports.

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