K2 Expedition

Name of Peak  K2 Location: Karakorum- Baltoro- Skardu
Other names: Chogori and Mount Goldwin Austen Latitude: 35°– 53 N
Elevation: 8,611-M (28,251ft) Longitude: 76° – 31 E
Ranked: 2nd (1st in Pakistan)  Best Period: June – August    
Base Camp height 5135-M First Ascent: 31 July 1954

K2 winters expeditions, K2 (8611m) is the second-highest mountain on Earth. It is located in the Karakorum segment of the Himalayan range, on the border between the Gilgit- Baltistan region of Pakistan administered Northern Areas and the Taxkorgan Tajik Autonomous County of Xinjiang, China. However, those who climb K2 8611m must acquire entry via Pakistan as the Chinese side is inaccessible.
Climbing routes and difficulties
There are a number of routes on K2, of a somewhat different character, but they all share some key difficulties: First is the extremely high altitude and resulting lack of oxygen: in fact there is only one third as much oxygen available to a climber on the summit of K2 as there is at sea level. Second is the propensity of the mountain to extreme storms of several days’ duration, which have resulted in many of the deaths on the peak. The third is the steep, exposed, and committing nature of all routes on the mountain, which makes the retreat more difficult, especially during a storm. Despite many tries, there has been no successful ascent during the winter.
Abruzzi Spur
The standard route of ascent, used far more than any other route, is the Abruzzi Spur, first attempted by Luigi Amedeo, Duke of the Abruzzi in 1909 (see the history above). This is the southeast ridge of the peak, rising above the Godwin Austen Glacier. The spur proper begins at an altitude of 5,400 m, where Advanced Base Camp is usually placed. The route follows an alternating series of rock ribs, snow/ice fields, and some technical rock climbing on two famous features, “House’s Chimney” and the “Black Pyramid.” Above the Black Pyramid, dangerously exposed and difficult to navigate slopes lead to the easily visible “Shoulder,” and thence to the summit. The last major obstacle is a narrow couloir known as the “Bottleneck,” which places climbers dangerously close to a wall of seracs which form an ice cliff to the east of the summit. (It was partly due to the collapse of one of these seracs around 2001 that no climbers summited the peak in 2002 and 2003.)

North Ridge
The North Face of K2 k2 8611m
Almost opposite from the Abruzzi Spur is the North Ridge, which ascends the Chinese side of the peak. It is rarely climbed, partly due to very difficult access, involving crossing the Shaksgam River, which is a hazardous undertaking. In contrast to the crowds of climbers and trekkers at the Abruzzi base camp, usually at most two teams are encamped below the North Ridge. This route, more technically difficult than the Abruzzi, ascends a long, steep, primarily rock ridge to high on the mountain (Camp IV, the “Eagle’s Nest”, 7,900 m), and then crosses a dangerously slide-prone hanging glacier by a leftward climbing traverse, to reach a snow couloir which accesses the summit.

Besides the original Japanese ascent (see the History section), a notable ascent of the North Ridge was the one in 1990 by Greg Child, Greg Mortimer, and Steve Swenson, which was done alpine style (though using some fixed ropes already put in place by previous teams).
Other routes
Northeast Ridge (long and corniced; finishes on the uppermost part of Abruzzi route), 1978
West Ridge, 1981
Southwest Pillar or “Magic Line”, very technical, and second most demanding, first made in 1986 by Polish-Slovak trio Piasecki-Wroz-Bozik, since then despite many tries by several climbers tried to repeat and no one made it until 2004 Jordi Corominas.
South Face or “Polish Line”, (extremely exposed and most dangerous) in 1986 Jerzy Kukuczka and Tadeusz Piotrowski did first and the only ascent on this route, it was called by Messner a suicidal route and until now no one ever tried to repeat their achievement.
Northwest Face, 1990
Northwest Ridge (finishing on North Ridge), first ascent 1991
South-southeast spur or “Cesen route” (finishing on Abruzzi route; a possibly safer alternative to the Abruzzi) 1994 West Face (technical difficulty at high altitude), 2007

Overview K2 Expedition

Day-01 Arrive Islamabad airport and transfer to hotel

Day-02 Drive to Chilas via Babusar Pass 11-12hrs. Overnight at hotel 

Day-03 Drive to Skardu along with Indus River 8-9hrs. Overnight at hotel 

Day-04 Drive to Askoli 6-7hrs. Altitude 3000m. Overnight in tents  

Day-05 Trek to Jhola. Altitude 3200m. Overnight in tents

Day-06  Trek to Paiyu 6-7hrs. Altitude 3450m. Overnight in tents

Day-07 Free day for local explorations. Overnight in tents 

Day-08 Trek to Urdukas 7-8hrs. Altitude 4050m. Overnight in tents

Day-09 Trek to Goro-II (5-6hrs). Altitude 4380m. Overnight in tents

Day-10 Trek to Concordia 4-5 hrs. Altitude 4650m. Overnight in tents

Day-11 Trek to K-2 base camp. Altitude 5135m. Overnight in tents 

Day-12/51 (40 days in base camp for climbing) 

Day-52/56 Trek down to Askoli village. Overnight in tents 

Day-57 Drive to Skardu 6-7hrs. Overnight at hotel 

Day-58 Drive to Chilas 8-9hs. Overnight at hotel 

Day-59 Drive to Islamabad 11-12hrs. Overnight at hotel 

Day-60 Transfer to Islamabad airport for return flight 

Map and Itinerary for K2 Expedition

Day-01 Islamabad
K2 Expeditions 2019 Day First – Arrive in Islamabad and transfer to the hotel. In the afternoon we enjoy a city tour of Rawalpindi and Islamabad.

Day-02  Islamabad- Chilas 
Drive to Chilas via the Babusar Pass 4,173m. Overnight at hotel

Babusar Pass is a high mountain pass at an elevation of 4.173 m (13,691 ft) above the sea level. The pass is the highest point in the Kaghan Valley, Pakistan. The pass connects the Kaghan Valley via the ThakNala with Chilas on the Karakoram Highway. It’s one of the famous hair pinned roads in the world.

Day-03 Chilas- Skardu
Drive to Skardu along with Indus River, 8-9hrs, 290km. Altitude 2,228m. Overnight at hotel
The rising of Indus stretches down to Baltistan valley from Tibet to Gilgit and down to the Arabian Sea, which cuts the Indian sub-continent from Asia; Baltistan valley is called a little Tibet in the North of Pakistan. Baltistan is situated at the last end of Himalaya, beside Deosai Plain and Satpara Lake. Baltistan the tourist destination of Mountains paradise where the world 2nd highest peak is K-2 (8611-m) and the other 8000m is Broad Peak, Gasherbrum I & II Likely 8068 to 8047m and there are many peaks 7750- 7800m. Its snowcapped peaks and long glaciers give you a spectacular view for climbers, trekkers, and travelers.

Day-04 Skardu- Askoli
Today we take the spectacular drive by jeeps to Askoli 6-7hrs, the starting point of our trek. Altitude 3,000m.

It is a spectacular drive from Skardu to Askoli; the jeep road crosses the Braldu River three times and passes the villages of Dassu, Apligon, Pakora, Hoto Chongo and Thongal.

Day-05 Askoli- Jhola
Trek to Jhola 6-7hrs 12.6km. Altitude 3,200m. Overnight in tents.
The early morning light finds us beginning our K2 expedition as the Loads are distributed among the porters. Walking along the Braldu River. It takes 3 to 4hrs from Askoli to Korofoung. After lunch, continue to trek to Jhola (3-4 hrs) you have a panoramic view of Bakhor Das peak 5809m) also mighty Biafo Glacier. Follow the riverside trail to the confluence of the Biafo and Dumordo rivers. Cross the formidable Domordo River at Jhola which flows from the Panmah glaciers.

Day-06 Jhola- Paiyu
Trek to Paiyu 6-7-hrs 16.6km Altitude 3,450m. Overnight in a tents
This is an undulating walk, difficult at times, with the first views of dramatic mountains ahead. There is a rest stop by some tamarisk trees beside the stream flowing down from Paiyu Peak, where we saw ibex tracks and fox spore. The trail climbs to a vantage point from which you see the snout of Baltoro Glacier and, in the far distance, a magnificent panorama of the Cathedral and Trango Towers and left of them, the unmistakable triangle of K2.

Day-07 Rest day
Free day for local exploration and Porter will prepare their food for the further trek, We enjoy a slow start today taking in our stunning surroundings. We take a short acclimatization trek during the day and in the evening sing and dance with the porters.

Day-08 Urdukas 
Trek to Urdukas 7-8hrs 15.9km. Altitude 4,050m. overnight in tents.

Beautiful views of Great Trango & Uli Biaho Towers. The trail traverses the glacier angling gently towards its southeast margin. Exit the glacier into the ablation valley at Liligo. The route alternates between the lateral moraine and the glacier, heading out on the glacier to avoid the outflow from the advancing Liligo glacier.  Continue trek to Urdukas, named for the obvious split boulder. Camp with its extraordinary views of Paiyu Peak 6610m, Uli Biaho 6417m, Great Trango Tower 6286m, Lobsang Spire 5707m & the Cathedral Towers

Day-09 Urdukas- Goro-II
Trek to Goro-II [5-6hrs] 12.1km. Altitude 4,380m. Overnight in tents.
Have a spectacular view of Masherbrum 7821m, Muztagh Tower 7284m, Biarchedi 6,781 Gasherbrum-IV 7925m.

Day-10 Goro-II- Concordia
Trek to Concordia 4-5hrs 9.2km. Altitude 4,650m. Overnight in tents.
Today it is golden opportunity to see 7000m to above 8000m peaks including mighty K2 (8611m) Broad Peak 8047m, G-I 8068m, G-II 8035m Sia Kangri 7422m, Muztagh Tower 7284m, G-IV 7925m, Miter Peak 6025m Golden Throne 7240m.

Day-11  Concordia- K-2 
Trek to K-2 base camp 6-7hrs. Altitude 5,135m. Overnight in tents  
K-2 is locally known by the name of “Chogori” which means “ The Great Mountain “ 8611m, is the 2nd highest mountain in the world. K2 is placed on the Pakistan-China border in the mighty Karakorum Range. K-2 is rocky mountain up to 6,000m, beyond, which it becomes an ocean of snow. K-2 was firstly discovered and measured by the survey of India in 1856, and first named for English topographer Henry Godwin-Austen, who explored and surveyed the region and it, was firstly climbed on July 31, 1954, by Italian climbers team led by Ardito Desio and accompanying him were Lino Lachdelli and Achille Compagnoni.

Day-12/51 (40 days in base camp for climbing)

Day-52/56 (Trek down to Askoli). Overnight in tents

Day-57 Skardu: Drive back to Skardu 6-7hrs. Overnight at hotel

Day-58: Chilas: Drive back to Chilas 8-9hrs 290km. Overnight at hotel

Day-59: Islamabad: Drive to Islamabad via Babusar Pass 4,173m. Overnight at hotel

Day-60: Flyback: transfer to Islamabad airport for return flight.

Service details for K2 Expedition

What's Included

  1. Accommodation and Meals
    Accommodation will be provided based on following hotels sharing twin/double occupancy.
    Islamabad– Hill View hotel or similar category – Bed & Breakfast only.
    Chilas– Midway Shangri-La or similar category – Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner.
    Skardu- PTDC Motel or Guesthouse Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner
    Note:
    Alternate accommodation will be provided if rooms in
    above-mentioned hotels are not available. Check in before 12:00 pm is subject to previous night charges
  2. Transportation
    Air-condition transport for sightseeing
    Air-condition transport for airport pick and drop

    Air-condition transport from Islamabad to Skardu and back to Islamabad 
  3. Porterage (Low Altitude Porters)
    Required porters from Askoli to K2 base camp and back to Askoli  
    Free baggage allowance for members personal gear and collective equipment is 50 KG per person
  4. Taxes and Fees
    CKNP Fee
    Road taxes.

    Camping fees 
    Bridge crossing fee
    Climbing permit fee
    Liaison officer wages- Kit 
  5. Camping Food & Equipment & Accessories
    Camp food from Askoli to K2 base camp- back to Askoli including 40 days at base camp
    Mattresses.

    D3V sleeping tent.
    Toilet Tent.
    Shower Tent.
    Mess tent- Table- Chairs.
  6. Kitchen Equipment
    All necessary kitchen utensils.
    Kitchen tent.
    Lamps for light.
    Cooking Stoves
  7. Staff
    Professional English Speaking Guide
    Professional Cook
    Assistant Guide as per group size
    Cook helper 

What's not Included

  • International air ticket & airport taxes.
  • Visa fee for Pakistan & personal insurance of the clients.
  • Tips for drivers, porters and staff
  • Single Supplement
  • Hotel meals in Islamabad (lunch & dinner)
  • Helicopter charges in case of use for rescue
  • Transfers to and from airports for participants making individual air arrangements
  • Optional excursions or deviations from the scheduled tour
  • Sleeping bag and all personal expenses such as telephone, fax, email charges, liquor or soft drinks,
  • Room service, gratuities for personal services, items of a purely
  • Any other service that is not mentioned in the list above.

Joining Arrangements & Transfers

  • All clients arriving on Day 1 will be met at Islamabad Airport by our representative who will arrange the transfer to the group hotel. Similarly, transfers will be provided back to Islamabad Airport on the final day of the itinerary. Full joining instructions together with hotel contact details and an emergency number will be provided with your booking confirmation.

Meal Plan

  • While in Islamabad accommodation is on bed and breakfast basis and our guide will guide you to different restaurants nearby for lunch and dinner, while at the camps you will get breakfast with porridge and cereal, toast or chapattis/parathas, omelets and a range of hot drinks. Normally a hot lunch is served during the trek and at base camp, In the afternoon you will be given tea and biscuits and a three-course meal will follow with soup, a main meal, and dessert. We bring along fresh vegetables and meat for the main meals. We can cater for those with special dietary requirements, so long as we are informed of these at the time of booking.

Accomodation

  • The accommodation arrangement in Islamabad is of standard hotels. Rooms at our provided hotels will be on twin sharing basis. At the time of camping, the participants will be sharing a tent fit for two persons, we provide D3V sleeping tents for trekking and at base camp. D3V means three men dome tent). If any participant is coming alone on this trek/expedition he/she will be accommodated with one of the other members for tent and room sharing. For strangers and solo trekkers, first preference will be given to same-gender stays. Nevertheless, a participant can opt for the separate tent of hotel rooms as he/she likes, however, the additional cost will be incurred for making the separate arrangement. Any participants seeking separate accommodation must inform our office in advance.

Dates Availability Status
K2 Winter Expeditions Dates 10-JUN-2019 - 10-AUG-2019 AVAILABLE
K2 Winter Expeditions Dates 20 JUN-2019 - 20-AUG-2019 AVAILABLE

The best time for climbing K2 is from June to August. The start and end dates in the table above are your dates of arrival and departure from Pakistan. We have at least one guaranteed departure every year. Our dates for the expedition to K2 are given above. We can organize a solo expedition if your dates do not match our dates of fixed departures.

How the trip will operate?

Upon arrival in Islamabad, one of our representatives will pick you up from the airport and transfer to hotel. We then fly to Skardu capital of Baltistan region, or if the weather is inclement we travel by road through the Indus gorge. Skardu is the parting point from civilization, where we will be accommodated in a Hotel. Jeeps take us to the road end at Askole, the last village in the valley. Askole is the beginning of the trek and each night we camp out as we travel up the valley with our Balti porters providing entertainment and color to the otherwise stark and barren countryside. Our cooks provide wholesome and high-quality food during the trek. The guide and porters will coordinate all the movements of equipment and people up and down the mountain and are there to assist and facilitate you. At the end of the trip the group retraces its steps to Islamabad.

What is a typical day on trek?

The day starts with an early morning mug of tea brought to your tent by one of the cook’s helpers. Before heading over to the mess tent for breakfast it is best to pack your overnight gear into your duffel bag. During breakfast the tents will be packed away and, after the porters have arranged their loads, they will set off on the trail in the cool of the morning. After breakfast, probably between 7 am and 8 am, we start walking. The pace of the trek is leisurely with plenty of time to enjoy the scenery, take photos and explore the local villages. Lunch will be around 11 am at a spot by the side of the trail and is prepared for us by the cooks. There is more walking after lunch and normally you will get into camp by mid-afternoon with the tents already put up by the local staff. In the evening a three-course meal is served in the mess tent around 7 pm. After evening meal the guide will discuss the plan for the next day with the group. People might stay in the mess tent chatting about the day’s events for a while before retiring to their tent for the night.

What you Carry?

In your daypack, you will need to carry extra warm clothing (depending on the altitude, location, and weather), a rain jacket, water bottle, film and camera gear, valuables and personal items such as sunscreen, lip-Eze etc. Porters carry all group gear and your trek pack. A daypack of approx. 45litres is ideal for this trek.

How internal flights operate?

Skardu is a weather-dependent airport. Since the valley is completely surrounded by high mountains, planes can only land here in good visibility and this means flights to and from Skardu are never guaranteed. The planes do fly more often than not, but cancellations can and do occur and in these circumstances, we will travel by road. If we did not do this groups would risk being stranded in Islamabad and you should beware of companies that say they will only fly to Skardu as this may mean you have no possibility of trekking.

What is participation statement and acknowledgment?

Participants should be aware trekking, mountaineering and travelling in a developing country are activities that involve a risk of personal injury or death. As a condition of booking, you must accept these risks and be responsible for your own actions and involvement.

Adventure travel requires an open and flexible attitude. You may Experience extreme conditions, unpredictable weather and last minute changes to the itinerary beyond our control. Lack of acclimatization to high altitudes could also be a risk factor. Our itineraries allow optimum time for acclimatizing although it is possible that some individuals might be slow acclimatizers.

The majority of our trips visit remote areas where you are away from normal emergency services and medical facilities. In case of a serious injury requiring hospitalization, it has to be accepted by you, evacuation could take up to several days and may impede your ensuing recovery. Helicopters are the most usual means of evacuation, however they are not always available or they may be hindered by poor weather and flying conditions.   

What will be the camp food?

While in Islamabad accommodation is on Bed and breakfast basis and our guide will guide you to different restaurants nearby for lunch and dinner, while at the camps you will get breakfast with porridge and cereal, toast or chapattis/parathas, omelettes and a range of hot drinks. Normally a hot lunch is prepared by the trek, In the afternoon you will be given tea and biscuits and a three-course meal will follow with soup, a main meal, and dessert. We bring along fresh vegetables and meat for the main meals. We can cater for those with special dietary requirements, so long as we are informed of these at the time of booking.

 

How about hygiene & sanitation?

All our cooks and support staff are thoroughly trained in kitchen and table hygiene & observe strict hygienic code. You may give your personal water bottles to our kitchen staff every night & they’ll fill them up with boiling water, which will not only warm you up in your sleeping bags for a sound sleep but also provide you with safe boiled drinking water for the following day’s walk.

 

Guidance on tipping?

It is usual to tip the members of your trek crew, including your local guide, if you are happy with the services provided. We estimate that $100 – $150 (in local currency equivalent) will cover this aspect of your trip expenditure.

Towards the end of the trek, the trip leader will help the group to determine an appropriate level of tipping for each crew member, and this is most usually done as a group ‘thank-you’ with a ceremony on the final day of trekking.

 

What will be the weather?

The traditional trekking season in Pakistan is from June to September. The K2 Base Camp and Gondogoro la trek will have a wide range of temperatures depending on the altitude and the time of day. In the mountains between 1,000m and 3,500m, the nights will be cool normally around 5°C. During the day temperatures can be very hot even as high as 40°C in the lower elevations. Bring lots of water, sunhat and sunscreen! At higher altitudes temperatures range from about 20°C to -10°C. The mornings are generally clear with clouds building up during the afternoon and often disappearing at night to reveal beautiful starry nights. Rawalpindi will be hot and humid at this time of year; temperatures typically range from 30°C to 46°C with high humidity, whereas the temperatures in Skardu at 2,340m will be cooler.

 

What will be the weather?

Vaccinations and medical?

You should obtain professional advice from a travel clinic or your local GP from your home country about which vaccinations to have before you arrive in Pakistan. A dental check-up is a good idea as there will be no dental facilities while on the trek.

 

 

What will be the weather?

How to avoid altitude sickness?

The below notes on altitude sickness is to point out what it is and to note the symptoms. Problems with altitude sickness can usually be avoided if care is taken to prepare properly. Ensure good physical fitness, chose a trip suitable to your level, staged ascents to allow time for acclimatization, drink plenty of liquid and avoid alcohol, be aware of the symptoms of altitude sickness and do not ignore symptoms of altitude sickness if they occur. Normal physiologic changes occur in every person who goes to altitude: hyperventilation (breathing faster, deeper, or both), shortness of breath during exertion, changed breathing pattern at night, awakening frequently at night and increased urination.

By slowly gaining height we reap the benefits of a gradual gain in fitness and acclimatization. We offer advice based on our experience and with the sensible approach we take on all of our treks, anyone who is well prepared, fit and healthy should have few problems, as we are very careful to allow time to acclimatize to the altitude. Even with these precautions, it is still possible for altitude sickness to occur. It is difficult to predict who is likely to suffer from altitude sickness. Sex is not a determinant, nor is age. Your physical condition is important to good altitude adjustment, but sometimes people who are fit ascend too rapidly for their systems to adjust.

Altitude acclimatization

Please also note that individuals vary widely in both their physical response to high altitude and the ability to acclimatize and since physical fitness does not confer any protection or facilitate acclimatization, it is impossible to predict how you will adapt to the altitude. The greatest protection is avoiding rapid ascents and allowing time for acclimatization. Your body can adapt to altitude if given time. We feel this itinerary specifically provides that option, but you must individually pace yourself to go slowly and drink plenty of water to avoid dehydration. Do not push too hard regardless of how physically fit you may be or feel.

Early symptoms of high altitude sickness include a headache, nausea, loss of appetite, sleeplessness, vomiting, dry cough, irregular breathing, shortness of breath, fatigue, swelling of ankles and eyelids. It is not uncommon to experience some of these symptoms when you first arrive at high altitude and then to have them decrease in severity within a few days. It is important that you inform your Trip Leader immediately of any symptoms or discomfort, however minor so that they can help you monitor the situation. Please be aware that remaining at high altitude in spite of alarm signals from your body may result in serious illness or even death.

Medical conditions that are aggravated or complicated by high altitude include heart diseases, lung diseases, pregnancy, anemia, and sickle cell disease. It is imperative that anyone with any of these conditions consult their physician in detail before attempting this trekking expedition.

Personal Medical Kit

It is very important to have your own personal medical kit and it is wise to bring all the essentials with you from the home country. As time is limited and it will save you having to go searching for medical supplies in an unfamiliar city. Most medicines are available from chemists in main cities. The following suggestions are based on our experience of travelling, trekking and on the most common medical problems encountered. It is important to check with your doctor in case of allergies to any medications.

We suggest that you bring the following:

Plasters: Elastoplasts or adhesive tape.

Antiseptic cream: Germalene, Savlon etc

Crepe or Elasticated Bandage: For knee and ankle support, if you strain in these joints.

Blister dressings: Moleskin, compead, spenco dressings etc. Stop at the first sign of a blister forming and use a plaster or moleskin.

Cold and Flu Medication: Beechams powders, Lemsip, nasal decongestant, and throat lozenges. On treks that stay above 3000 meters for any length of time or on treks with dry conditions, it is quite common due to breathing dry, cold air through the mouth to get a sore throat or a cough (it may become productive due to irritation not necessarily infection).

Treatment For Diarrhoea: Oral rehydration salts, which contain a variety of salts (electrolytes) and sugar. The combination of electrolytes and sugar stimulates water and electrolyte absorption from the gut. It, therefore, prevents or reverses dehydration and replaces lost salts in conditions such as diarrhea and vomiting. Preparations such as Imodium or Lomotil are anti-motility drugs, which do not treat diarrhea but slows the gut. They should only be used when the condition is causing dehydration, much distress or is impossible to deal with on transport. The aim in using them is to take just enough to control the complaint (see section on diarrhea).

General Painkillers: Aspirin, paracetamol and/or ibuprofen etc

Insect repellent and after bite cream:

Small Pair of Scissors

Any Special Medicines: Those you take regularly or will require on your trip.

Optional – Treatment for Giardia: A common infection caused by a protozoan in the upper bowel. It develops one to three weeks after exposure and can result in a sudden acute illness or a more long-lasting condition. The symptoms are usually explosive and gassy diarrhea along with burping and wind that tastes and smells like rotten eggs. There may be abdominal pain after eating. Treatment is a course of Metronidazole; this is a prescription drug. Under the advice given by your GP, you may consider carrying a course of wide spectrum antibiotic in your personal medical kit.

Optional – A Broad-Spectrum Antibiotic: These are prescription drugs and should be used in consultation with a GP. A broad-spectrum antibiotic e.g. Ciprofloxacin may be useful if traveling to remote areas or for long periods. A broad-spectrum antibiotic can be used to treat bacterial infectious diarrhea, dysentery, respiratory, skin and urinary infections. However, antibiotics used without proper medical advise can cause or predispose other medical complications and bacterial resistance e.g. Clostridium or MRSA. Under the advice given by your GP, you may consider carrying a course of broad-spectrum antibiotic in your personal medical kit.

Optional – Use of Acetazolamide (Diamox): For those trekking above 3000 meters, Diamox has been described as an aid to acclimatization and the prevention of altitude sickness

Equipment & Accessories

Rucksack or Day Sack: This is what you carry containing any items you will need during the day, e.g. camera, water bottle, jumper, waterproofs, personal first aid kit (or part of it), toilet paper & lighter etc. A rucksack of around 35 to 40 litres capacity should be large enough, lined with one large plastic bag to

ensure contents remain dry. Padded hip belts are recommended for trekkers.

Sleeping Bag & Liner: A good quality 4-season down or synthetic bag and cotton, thermal or silk liner. Suggested manufacturers RAB, Mountain Equipment, North Face, Ajungilak, Vango.

Scarf/Bandana: Silk, cotton or nylon for keeping the sun off the back of your neck or dust out of your mouth.

Water Bottle: 1x 1 Litre (Platypus, Sigg or Nalgene bottles are recommended). Sigg bottles also makes great hot water bottle!

Water Purification: Biox Aqua Tablets are the safest and most effective form of emergency water disinfection in outdoor environments. Biox Aqua Tablets are more effective than either chlorine or iodine tablets (working against both cryptosporidium and giardia), and leaves no bad tastes or colours behind. Biox Aqua does not react with contaminants in the water to form hazardous byproducts. Each application will take between 10-30 mins to take effect, dependant on the condition of the water source. Puritabs are not advised as they have no effect on the amoebas and will not protect you from hepatitis.

Sun Screen: High protection factor 20-30 or higher

Lip Screen: High protection factor 20-30 or higher

Toilet Items: Soap, travel towel, flannel (or J-cloth), toothbrush, toothpaste, shampoo, comb, sanitary protection, toilet paper is provided but bring a roll for personal use and at airports!

Sewing Kit: Needle, cotton and a few safety pins for emergency repairs.

Small Knife: Swiss army style – has many uses (do not carry this in hand luggage when taking international or internal flights it will be confiscated).

Notebook/Diary/Pens

Small Padlocks: Essential for locking your kit bag and bags left at the hotel.

Passport & Spare Passport Photographs: (3-4 plus any required for permits)

A Copy of Your Insurance Certificate: This is very important and useful.

Money Belt: To carry valuables (passport, money, air ticket) this should be worn at all times when travelling.

High Energy Trek Snacks: Sweets, chocolate bars, dried fruit, glucose sweets, Kendal mint cake. These can make all the difference in unfamiliar surroundings.

Personal Medical Kit: (see list above).

Compression Bags, Stuff Sacs, Pillow Cases or Small Plastic Bags: To separate the gear in your kit bag and kept dry.

Cigarette Lighter/Matches: For burning toilet paper and rubbish.

Wet Wipes: One pack very useful for wiping hands, face and other parts of body.

Antibacterial Hand Cleansing Gel: Small bottle.

General Equipment List

This is a suggested kit list of some items needed when trekking. It is best to pack several thinner layers rather than one thick layer. There is a weight limit on trek (13-20kg depending on the package). It is best not to pack more items than what you actually need on any holiday.

Clothing

Lightweight Thermal Underwear: Tops (2), bottoms or long johns (1). Made from polypropylene, Coolmax, Capilene etc, as cotton does not provide adequate warmth.

Underwear

T-Shirts or Polo Shirts: (3) Capilene, DryFlo or Coolmax are preferred for their quick drying/high wicking ability.

Long Sleeved Shirt or Blouse: (1-2)

Trekking Trousers (2) e.g. polycotton trousers or zip off trousers.

Lightweight Wool or Fleece Jumper: (1)

Fleece or Pile Jacket: (1)

Duvet Jacket: Medium weight down or synthetic, it needs to fit overall insulation layers.

Waterproof Jacket: Good storm proof mountain jacket with attached hood.

Waterproof Trousers: Good storm proof trousers with side zips to the knee.

Travel Clothes: Lightweight cotton, preferably only for travelling in, e.g. separate to trekking gear.

Mitts & Gloves

Synthetic Gloves: 1 pair lightweight fleece/wool/pile.

Mitts: To fit over gloves

Footwear

Boots: It is most important that you have well-fitting, comfortable boots, lightweight boots (Gore-Tex or leather). Boots are to be preferred rather than training shoes for the actual trekking, giving your ankles and feet much better support on the rough and stony ground and providing better grip. Boots protect the feet from bruising or damage caused by protruding stones or boulders. Boots should be sturdy enough to take flexible crampons.

Training Shoes/Sandals: For travelling in and around the cities, hotels and at camp. Also for wearing when crossing streams to protect feet.

Socks: 2-3 pairs of thin liner socks (polypropylene or Coolmax) to be worn next to the skin.

Harness: You need it while crossing Gondogoro La

Gaiters: Useful if we encounter snow.

Crampons: You only need it for Gondogoro Crossing. It is important to have the correct crampons for your boots.

Headgear

Sun Hat: Baseball cap or wide-brimmed sun hat.

Wool or Fleece Hat

Head Torch: e.g. Petzl Tikka, Zipka or Black Diamond Moonlight and spare batteries.

Sunglasses: Essential to get a pair, which cuts out 100% UV rays. It is a good idea to also have a spare pair of good sunglasses. Glacier glasse

General Considerations When Packing

  • Keep the weight and bulk down to a minimum.
  • Baggage allowance on most international flights is around 23kg. Most people tend to bring more clothes than they actually need.
  • You only need one change of clothes for time spent in towns/cities.
  • On treks, your kit bag weight should be kept to below 15kg.
  • For all trips but especially trekking it is important to dress in layers. When it is hot you will only be wearing light trousers and a T-shirt, when it gets colder you can add to this until you are wearing most of your clothes!
  • Fragile and valuable items should be carried in your hand baggage.
  • Most people take their daysack or rucksack on the plane as hand luggage but many airlines only allow one item of hand baggage, which should not be more than the airlines specified size.
  • Camera gear should be carried as hand luggage in a padded or protective bag, discreet bags are ideal as they do not advertise the expensive contents and attract unwanted attention.
  • On internal flights, there is an allowed baggage allowance of 15kg per person. When flying internally we suggest trekkers wear all your heavy clothes and boots to keep your baggage to a minimum.
  • Any excess baggage charges will have to be borne by you.
  • Pack all batteries, knives, sharp object and lighters into your main luggage to avoid confiscation by security personnel.
  • Take a small sealable clear plastic bag if you wish to take liquid items such as toothpaste onboard the aircraft.
  • Do not leave bags unattended at airports.

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